In the wake of recent conversations, I’ve been looking around for further resources on transformative justice. I haven’t been able to do a lot of intense follow-up on the topic lately, because in mid-January I had major spinal surgery (after breaking my neck in an accident back in 2011); this obviously has involved many painkillers and a lot of sleep and not-working as much as possible. However, I have been able to do some reading, and I want to share some of what I’ve found most compelling.
Since I’m in recovery, I may take a while to moderate/participate in comments on this thread.
* The most thorough overview of community accountability issues and strategies that I have found was created by INCITE!: Women Of Color Against Violence. Here is an awesome Community Accountability Working Document: it’s full of important principles, incisive questions, organizational ideas, and references to groups that are doing this kind of work.
* Over and over, for the past year and especially recently, people have directed me to Philly Stands Up:
Philly Stands Up is small collective of individuals working in Philadelphia to confront sexual assault in our various communities using a transformative justice framework. We believe in restoring trust and justice within our community by working with both survivors and perpetrators of sexual assault. We believe that sexual assault comes in many forms and we are doing what we can to actively combat it.
We work with people who have assaulted others to hold them accountable to the survivor(s) and restore their relationships within their communities. In dealing with perpetrators, we seek to recognize and change behavior, rather than ostracizing and allowing future assaults elsewhere. We support their healing process, and challenge them on their behavior in order to prevent future assaults.
We also work to educate ourselves and others on issues that contribute to sexualized violence. To encourage awareness building, we provide support for other groups and collectives as well as host workshops in Philly and elsewhere.
On the Philly Stands Up site, here is a post about their Points of Unity; here is a more detailed post called “Our Approach, Our Analysis”.
And here is a personal testimonial from a member of the collective. I personally found these paragraphs especially powerful:
We do not have a magic “perpetrator-free” stamp that absolves someone from whatever pain they have caused another person or community; we work to build an honest and accountable space with perpetrators. This demands a good faith effort from both directions. I have friends who upon finding out about the subject of my Sunday night meetings, are like, “What the fuck are you doing? why perpetrators? none of those programs ever work.” Valid response. But PSU isn’t a program. No one is more aware than we are that we can’t work with every perpetrator. In some cases, perpetrators are also survivors of other situations. We try to see the whole person and the whole situation, however complex, and remain aware of our limitations.
It isn’t easy to go step-by-step through our process, since it’s different each time. Typically, we’ll begin to work with a perpetrator either through a referral through [another group] or because someone will email us directly and ask for help or resources. We meet weekly, and commit to “tasks” — whether it’s contacting someone about a workshop, working on an article for a zine, doing research, working on a situation, or being the group’s email checker for the week. We do a decent job of checking our mail, and it’s the responsibility of the email checker to not only check the emails, but to respond based on the time sensitivity of what is emailed (either a “do you need to talk so someone in an hour” or a “can we check in about your request at our meeting on Sunday, which is four days away” type of response). Every meeting starts with a personal check-in and ends with a check-out, and includes a mixture of debriefing current situations and “tasking” new situations, discussing or planning upcoming workshops, projects, or proposals, or doing internal educational work. Committing to work on a situation depends upon what information we know, who can do the work — not only logistically, but also with respect to personal limits and triggers.
… Working with perpetrators, situation by situation, requires that we are continuously checking in with ourselves (individually and collectively) about where we are at, what we need, how we feel, what hurts, what is too much, where is the wall? We can do, feel, and trust this more when we operate in real time.
My commitment to PSU is the healthiest relationship I’ve ever experienced with an activist collective. I don’t have to feel guilty about my time limits — for example, at the time of this writing, I haven’t been able to go to an actual meeting in at least a month because of my work schedule, but my ability to commit to write this article and pull together resources for this zine is internally embraced as a valid part of our work. My emotional boundaries are respected — and furthermore, my efforts to even articulate my boundaries in the first place are appreciated as necessary. People step up and step back on a week-to-week basis. Literally. I was a little dubious that this function of the collective was actually the truth, but I personally have been proven wrong multiple times. I have learned that working with PSU demands a lot of honesty. I have to be honest with myself about my own triggers, limits, boundaries, needs. I have to trust my friends in PSU to help me both identify and respect what I can and cannot do. I have to be able to hear each of their own capacity for our work. I think our commitment to healthy activism works because we centralize it at our meetings (by framing with personal check-ins and check-outs), we have pre-existing/outside-of-PSU friendships and shared/local social networks that are incredibly powerful, and because there is a shared common and radical analysis of power and oppression — which informs not only our Points of Unity, but also our ability to just be there for each other and create a safe space (which isn’t to say that we don’t work to develop that space and challenge ourselves). I can only speak for myself, but I know I approach relationships (whether platonic, intimate, or somewhere in between) in a fundamentally different way since I joined PSU.
* Back in April 2011 I wrote a Feministe post about rape culture that drew (mostly) interesting and intense discussion, including some excellent commentary on transformative justice.
* Tangentially, one of the people who recommended Philly Stands Up told me that she met representatives of the group while attending a cooperative conference run by North American Students of Cooperation (NASCO). NASCO is a really great nonprofit, whose work I recommend to anyone interested in participating in cooperatives. (I’ve mentioned NASCO before, in another post where I talked about about cooperative housing.) Apparently Philly Stands Up ran a Transformative Justice Action Camp last year, in conjunction with NASCO; although I’ve found some references that tell me the event went well, I’d be really interested to hear from anyone who attended about what the experience was like, and what lessons they took away from it.
* A commenter on my blog noted that Creative Interventions is planning to release an accountability toolkit in 2012. Also, their website says that they are in the midst of a long National Story-Collecting Project and asks people to get in touch:
Do you know anyone who has intervened in violence within their family — friend — or social network? Was the intervention successful? This is the first documentation project on community-based interventions to family, intimate partner, and other forms of interpersonal violence. The collection of these stories from diverse communities across the country will help us better understand what makes interventions successful. These stories will also inform and inspire others who want to do something to end violence in their lives and the lives of their loved ones.
* Here in Chicago we apparently have a group called the Transformative Justice Law Project: “a collective of radical lawyers, social workers, activists, and community organizers who are deeply committed to prison abolition, transformative justice, and gender self-determination.” The website hasn’t been updated in a while, and I didn’t hear much about them through other channels, but I’m hoping they’re still around. From what their site says, they take a somewhat different tack from other groups because they specifically try to make use of their experience as lawyers:
We provide free, zealous, life-affirming, and gender-affirming holistic criminal legal services to low-income and street based transgender and gender non-conforming people targeted by the criminal legal system.
EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS & TRAININGS
We create and distribute information, resources, and training curriculum for lawyers and social service providers who work with people targeted by the criminal legal system.
SUPPORT COMMUNITY SURVIVAL AND ORGANIZING ON THE INSIDE
We use our attorney access and attorney-client relationships on the inside to listen to the wisdom of and respond to the needs of those locked up. We help distribute resources and connect people to their peers, friends, family, allies, advocates, and the larger prison abolition movement.
* Finally, on another tangent, Jill at Feministe recently linked to an awesome “New Yorker” article about prisons in America. I’m linking to it again. An anthropologist I know also recommends a book called Total Confinement: Madness and Reason in the Maximum Security Prison, “a theoretically sophisticated meditation on what incarceration tells us about who we are as a society.”
UPDATE: In the Feministe comments there has been some discussion about my role in the previous controversy. It was suggested that I add a note highlighting my apology for my role in what happened before, so here it is.